Currently submitted to: JMIR mHealth and uHealth
Date Submitted: Jun 20, 2019
Open Peer Review Period: Jun 24, 2019 - Jul 30, 2019
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Towards ecological sleep monitoring : a systematic review of clinical applications of mHealth wearable based sleep monitoring.
Sleep disorders are a major public health issue. Nearly one in two people will experience sleep disturbances during lifetime with a potential harmful impact on well-being, physical and mental health.
To better understand the clinical applications of wearables-based sleep monitoring, we conducted a review of the literature, including feasibility studies and clinical trials on this topic.
We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, ScienceDirect, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Web of Science up to June 2019. We created the list of keywords based on two domains: wearables and sleep. The primary selection criterion was the reporting of clinical trials using wearable devices for sleep recording in adults.
The initial research collected 645 articles. 18 articles meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the final analysis. Out of the selected articles, tree categories appeared. We identified feasibility studies, population comparison studies and studies comparing mHealth wearables to ploysmnography identifying sleep stages.
This review showed that wearables are acceptable but poorly reliable sleep monitoring. However, mHealth wearable devices appear as promising tools for ecological monitoring. Clinical Trial: to be registered soon
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