Currently accepted at: JMIR mHealth and uHealth
Date Submitted: Aug 2, 2019
Open Peer Review Period: Aug 6, 2019 - Oct 1, 2019
Date Accepted: Mar 1, 2020
(closed for review but you can still tweet)
Facilitating Management of Opioid Use Disorder: A Review of Mobile Apps and mHealth Tools
Advances in technology engender investigation of technology solutions to Opioid Use Disorder (OUD). However, in comparison to chronic disease management, the application of mobile health (mHealth) to OUD has been limited.
The objectives of this paper are to (1) document the currently available opioid-related mHealth applications (apps) and (2) review past and existing technology solutions that address OUD.
We used a two-phase parallel search approach: (1) app search to determine availability of opioid-related mHealth apps, and (2) focused review of literature to identify relevant technologies and mHealth apps used to address OUD.
The app search revealed a steady rise in app development, with the majority of apps being clinician-facing. A majority of the apps were designed to aid in opioid dose conversion. Despite the availability of these apps, the focused review found no study that investigated the efficacy of mHealth apps to address OUD.
Our findings highlight a general gap in technological solutions of OUD management, and the potential for mHealth apps and wearable sensors to address OUD.
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