Currently submitted to: JMIR mHealth and uHealth
Date Submitted: Jul 13, 2020
Open Peer Review Period: Jul 13, 2020 - Aug 11, 2020
(closed for review but you can still tweet)
NOTE: This is an unreviewed Preprint
Warning: This is a unreviewed preprint (What is a preprint?). Readers are warned that the document has not been peer-reviewed by expert/patient reviewers or an academic editor, may contain misleading claims, and is likely to undergo changes before final publication, if accepted, or may have been rejected/withdrawn (a note "no longer under consideration" will appear above).
Peer-review me: Readers with interest and expertise are encouraged to sign up as peer-reviewer, if the paper is within an open peer-review period (in this case, a "Peer-Review Me" button to sign up as reviewer is displayed above). All preprints currently open for review are listed here. Outside of the formal open peer-review period we encourage you to tweet about the preprint.
Citation: Please cite this preprint only for review purposes or for grant applications and CVs (if you are the author).
Final version: If our system detects a final peer-reviewed "version of record" (VoR) published in any journal, a link to that VoR will appear below. Readers are then encourage to cite the VoR instead of this preprint.
Settings: If you are the author, you can login and change the preprint display settings, but the preprint URL/DOI is supposed to be stable and citable, so it should not be removed once posted.
Submit: To post your own preprint, simply submit to any JMIR journal, and choose the appropriate settings to expose your submitted version as preprint.
What makes older adults use their wearable activity trackers longer?: A qualitative study on habit formation
Wearable activity trackers (WATs) are popular devices used to motivate behavior change. WATs are especially beneficial to encourage light physical activity, such as walking, which is an ideal behavior for older adults or individuals who cannot be physically active at moderate and vigorous levels. A common problem is that people do not continue to use these wearable devices, with initial behavioral change gains eroding as people disengage. However, some people do continue to use WATs to facilitate behavior change and maintain long-term engagement with the changed behavior.
The current study aims to uncover the mechanism underlying long-term continued use of wearable devices among older adults through the theoretical lens of habit formation.
In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 participants who were 65 or older and had used WATs for more than six months to understand their experiences and strategies employed to support continued use.
Thematic analysis of the data revealed eight themes related to habit formation, including aspects in initiation and goal setting, uses of contextual cues, action planning, and coping planning.
The results of this qualitative study of long-term users of WAT suggests specific ways to enhance long-term habit formation among older adults. These best practices by long-term users can inform future design of technology-based behavior interventions.
Request queued. Please wait while the file is being generated. It may take some time.
© The authors. All rights reserved. This is a privileged document currently under peer-review/community review (or an accepted/rejected manuscript). Authors have provided JMIR Publications with an exclusive license to publish this preprint on it's website for review and ahead-of-print citation purposes only. While the final peer-reviewed paper may be licensed under a cc-by license on publication, at this stage authors and publisher expressively prohibit redistribution of this draft paper other than for review purposes.