Published on in Vol 6, No 3 (2018): March

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
Crush the Crave: Development and Formative Evaluation of a Smartphone App for Smoking Cessation

Crush the Crave: Development and Formative Evaluation of a Smartphone App for Smoking Cessation

Crush the Crave: Development and Formative Evaluation of a Smartphone App for Smoking Cessation

Authors of this article:

Neill B Baskerville1 Author Orcid Image ;   Laura L Struik1 Author Orcid Image ;   Darly Dash2 Author Orcid Image


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  3. Struik L, Bottorff J, Baskerville N, Oliffe J, Crichton S. Comparison of Developers’ and End-Users’ Perspectives About Smoking Cessation Support Through the Crush the Crave App. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2019;7(3):e10750 View
  4. Davidson S, Fletcher S, Wadley G, Reavley N, Gunn J, Wade D. A Mobile Phone App to Improve the Mental Health of Taxi Drivers: Single-Arm Feasibility Trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2020;8(1):e13133 View
  5. Crane D, Ubhi H, Brown J, West R. Relative effectiveness of a full versus reduced version of the ‘Smoke Free’ mobile application for smoking cessation: an exploratory randomised controlled trial. F1000Research 2019;7:1524 View
  6. Lee E, Bekalu M, McCloud R, Vallone D, Arya M, Osgood N, Li X, Minsky S, Viswanath K. The Potential of Smartphone Apps in Informing Protobacco and Antitobacco Messaging Efforts Among Underserved Communities: Longitudinal Observational Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(7):e17451 View
  7. Crane D, Ubhi H, Brown J, West R. Relative effectiveness of a full versus reduced version of the ‘Smoke Free’ mobile application for smoking cessation: a randomised controlled trial. F1000Research 2018;7:1524 View
  8. Schellong J, Lorenz P, Weidner K. Proposing a standardized, step-by-step model for creating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related mobile mental health apps in a framework based on technical and medical norms. European Journal of Psychotraumatology 2019;10(1) View
  9. Fiordelli M, Zanini C, Amann J, Scheel-Sailer A, Brach M, Stucki G, Rubinelli S. Selecting Evidence-Based Content for Inclusion in Self-Management Apps for Pressure Injuries in Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury: Participatory Design Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2020;8(5):e15818 View
  10. Vilardaga R, Casellas-Pujol E, McClernon J, Garrison K. Mobile Applications for the Treatment of Tobacco Use and Dependence. Current Addiction Reports 2019;6(2):86 View
  11. Baskerville N, Struik L, Guindon G, Norman C, Whittaker R, Burns C, Hammond D, Dash D, Brown K. Effect of a Mobile Phone Intervention on Quitting Smoking in a Young Adult Population of Smokers: Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2018;6(10):e10893 View
  12. Watkins S, Thrul J, Max W, Ling P. Cold Turkey and Hot Vapes? A National Study of Young Adult Cigarette Cessation Strategies. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2020;22(5):638 View
  13. Aboelmaged M, Ali I, Hashem G. Mobile apps use for wellness and fitness and university students’ subjective wellbeing. Information Development 2022;38(4):672 View
  14. Mulchandani D, Orji R, Yan Z. Socially-Oriented Persuasive Game to Promote Disease Awareness and Prevention. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies 2022;2022:1 View
  15. Santiago-Torres M, Mull K, Sullivan B, Kwon D, Nez Henderson P, Nelson L, Patten C, Bricker J. Efficacy and Utilization of Smartphone Applications for Smoking Cessation Among American Indians and Alaska Natives: Results From the iCanQuit Trial. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2022;24(4):544 View
  16. Mulchandani D, Alslaity A, Orji R. Exploring the effectiveness of persuasive games for disease prevention and awareness and the impact of tailoring to the stages of change. Human–Computer Interaction 2023;38(5-6):459 View
  17. García-Pazo P, Sesé A, Llabrés J, Fornés-Vives J. NoFumo+: A Clinical Trial of an mHealth for Smoking Cessation with Hospitalized Patients. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021;18(19):10476 View
  18. Sanchez S, Deck A, Baskerville N, Chaiton M. Supporting Youth Vaping Cessation With the Crush the Crave Smartphone App: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols 2023;12:e42956 View
  19. Clifford G, Nguyen T, Shaw C, Newton B, Francis S, Salari M, Evans C, Jones C, Akintobi T, Taylor Jr H. An Open-Source Privacy-Preserving Large-Scale Mobile Framework for Cardiovascular Health Monitoring and Intervention Planning With an Urban African American Population of Young Adults: User-Centered Design Approach. JMIR Formative Research 2022;6(1):e25444 View
  20. Struik L, Yang Y. e-Cigarette Cessation: Content Analysis of a Quit Vaping Community on Reddit. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(10):e28303 View
  21. Zhang M, Wolters M, O'Connor S, Wang Y, Doi L. Smokers’ user experience of smoking cessation apps: A systematic review. International Journal of Medical Informatics 2023;175:105069 View
  22. White J, Salem M, Toussaert S, Westmaas J, Raiff B, Crane D, Warrender E, Lyles C, Abroms L, Thrul J. Developing a Game (Inner Dragon) Within a Leading Smartphone App for Smoking Cessation: Design and Feasibility Evaluation Study. JMIR Serious Games 2023;11:e46602 View
  23. Enyioha C, Loufman L, Grewe M, Cené C, Khairat S, Goldstein A, Kistler C. Black Smokers’ Preferences for Features of a Smoking Cessation App: Qualitative Study. JMIR Formative Research 2023;7:e43603 View
  24. Bendotti H, Ireland D, Lawler S, Oates D, Gartner C, Marshall H. Introducing Quin: The Design and Development of a Prototype Chatbot to Support Smoking Cessation. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2024;26(5):612 View
  25. Matthews J, Carlisle V, Walker R, Dennie E, Durant C, McConville R, Isotalus H, Attwood A, Jain L. “The worst thing is lying in bed thinking ‘I want a cigarette’” a qualitative exploration of smoker’s and ex-smoker’s perceptions of sleep during a quit attempt and the use of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia to aid cessation. PLOS ONE 2024;19(5):e0299702 View

Books/Policy Documents

  1. Ofori M, El-Gayar O. Optimizing Health Monitoring Systems With Wireless Technology. View
  2. Chi X. Cyber Security Intelligence and Analytics. View