Published on in Vol 6, No 7 (2018): July

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
The Complexity of Mental Health App Privacy Policies: A Potential Barrier to Privacy

The Complexity of Mental Health App Privacy Policies: A Potential Barrier to Privacy

The Complexity of Mental Health App Privacy Policies: A Potential Barrier to Privacy

Authors of this article:

Adam Powell 1, 2 Author Orcid Image ;   Preeti Singh 3 Author Orcid Image ;   John Torous 4 Author Orcid Image


  1. Bauer M, Glenn T, Geddes J, Gitlin M, Grof P, Kessing L, Monteith S, Faurholt-Jepsen M, Severus E, Whybrow P. Smartphones in mental health: a critical review of background issues, current status and future concerns. International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020;8(1) View
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  6. Benjumea J, Ropero J, Rivera-Romero O, Dorronzoro-Zubiete E, Carrasco A. Assessment of the Fairness of Privacy Policies of Mobile Health Apps: Scale Development and Evaluation in Cancer Apps. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2020;8(7):e17134 View
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  14. Iwaya L, Babar M, Rashid A, Wijayarathna C. On the privacy of mental health apps. Empirical Software Engineering 2023;28(1) View
  15. Alamri H, Maple C, Mohamad S, Epiphaniou G. Do the Right Thing: A Privacy Policy Adherence Analysis of over Two Million Apps in Apple iOS App Store. Sensors 2022;22(22):8964 View
  16. Camacho E, Cohen A, Torous J. Assessment of Mental Health Services Available Through Smartphone Apps. JAMA Network Open 2022;5(12):e2248784 View
  17. Li L, Wong L, Yap K. Quality evaluation of stress, anxiety and depression apps for COVID-19. Journal of Affective Disorders Reports 2021;6:100255 View
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  28. Benjumea J, Ropero J, Dorronzoro-Zubiete E, Rivera-Romero O, Carrasco A. A Proposal for a Robust Validated Weighted General Data Protection Regulation-Based Scale to Assess the Quality of Privacy Policies of Mobile Health Applications: An eDelphi Study. Methods of Information in Medicine 2023;62(05/06):154 View
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Books/Policy Documents

  1. Ebben M, Murphy J. Privacy Concerns Surrounding Personal Information Sharing on Health and Fitness Mobile Apps. View
  2. Ebben M, Murphy J. Research Anthology on Privatizing and Securing Data. View
  3. Wright J, Chan S, Mishkind M. Virtual Mental Health Care for Rural and Underserved Settings. View
  4. Nurgalieva L, Doherty G. Digital Therapeutics for Mental Health and Addiction. View