Published on in Vol 7, No 11 (2019): November

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
Characteristics and Usage Patterns Among 12,151 Paid Subscribers of the Calm Meditation App: Cross-Sectional Survey

Characteristics and Usage Patterns Among 12,151 Paid Subscribers of the Calm Meditation App: Cross-Sectional Survey

Characteristics and Usage Patterns Among 12,151 Paid Subscribers of the Calm Meditation App: Cross-Sectional Survey


  1. Huberty J, Puzia M, Eckert R, Larkey L. Cancer Patients’ and Survivors’ Perceptions of the Calm App: Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study. JMIR Cancer 2020;6(1):e16926 View
  2. Farias M, Maraldi E, Wallenkampf K, Lucchetti G. Adverse events in meditation practices and meditation‐based therapies: a systematic review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 2020;142(5):374 View
  3. Luberto C, Huberty J, Puzia M, Vranceanu A. Usage Patterns of the Calm Meditation App Among People with Cardiovascular Disease. Mindfulness 2021;12(4):983 View
  4. Sieverdes J, Treiber F, Kline C, Mueller M, Brunner-Jackson B, Sox L, Cain M, Swem M, Diaz V, Chandler J. Ethnicity Differences in Sleep Changes Among Prehypertensive Adults Using a Smartphone Meditation App: Dose-Response Trial. JMIR Formative Research 2020;4(10):e20501 View
  5. Mascaro J, Singh V, Wehrmeyer K, Scott B, Juan J, McKenzie-Brown A, Lane O, Haack C. Randomized, wait-list–controlled pilot study of app-delivered mindfulness for patients reporting chronic pain. PAIN Reports 2021;6(1):1 View
  6. Huberty J, Puzia M, Larkey L, Irwin M, Vranceanu A. Use of the Consumer-Based Meditation App Calm for Sleep Disturbances: Cross-Sectional Survey Study. JMIR Formative Research 2020;4(11):e19508 View
  7. Borghouts J, Eikey E, Mark G, De Leon C, Schueller S, Schneider M, Stadnick N, Zheng K, Mukamel D, Sorkin D. Barriers to and Facilitators of User Engagement With Digital Mental Health Interventions: Systematic Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(3):e24387 View
  8. Muñoz A, Camacho E, Torous J. Marketplace and Literature Review of Spanish Language Mental Health Apps. Frontiers in Digital Health 2021;3 View
  9. Teepe G, Da Fonseca A, Kleim B, Jacobson N, Salamanca Sanabria A, Tudor Car L, Fleisch E, Kowatsch T. Just-in-Time Adaptive Mechanisms of Popular Mobile Apps for Individuals With Depression: Systematic App Search and Literature Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(9):e29412 View
  10. Huberty J, Puzia M, Green J, Vlisides-Henry R, Larkey L, Irwin M, Vranceanu A. A mindfulness meditation mobile app improves depression and anxiety in adults with sleep disturbance: Analysis from a randomized controlled trial. General Hospital Psychiatry 2021;73:30 View
  11. Huberty J, Bhuiyan N, Eckert R, Larkey L, Petrov M, Todd M, Mesa R. Insomnia as an Unmet Need in Patients With Chronic Hematological Cancer: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating a Consumer-Based Meditation App for Treatment of Sleep Disturbance. JMIR Research Protocols 2022;11(7):e39007 View
  12. Smith J, Allen J, Haack C, Wehrmeyer K, Alden K, Lund M, Mascaro J. Impact of App-Delivered Mindfulness Meditation on Functional Connectivity, Mental Health, and Sleep Disturbances Among Physician Assistant Students: Randomized, Wait-list Controlled Pilot Study. JMIR Formative Research 2021;5(10):e24208 View
  13. Stecher C, Sullivan M, Huberty J. Using Personalized Anchors to Establish Routine Meditation Practice With a Mobile App: Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2021;9(12):e32794 View
  14. Amagai S, Pila S, Kaat A, Nowinski C, Gershon R. Challenges in Participant Engagement and Retention Using Mobile Health Apps: Literature Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2022;24(4):e35120 View
  15. Huberty J, Puzia M, Larkey L, Vranceanu A, Irwin M, Useche S. Can a meditation app help my sleep? A cross-sectional survey of Calm users. PLOS ONE 2021;16(10):e0257518 View
  16. Walker S, Viaña J. Mindful mindfulness reporting: Media portrayals of scientific evidence for meditation mobile apps. Public Understanding of Science 2023;32(5):561 View
  17. Woods N, Turner-Cobb J. ‘It’s like Taking a Sleeping Pill’: Student Experience of Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) to Promote Health and Mental Wellbeing. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2023;20(3):2337 View
  18. Gordon J, Sbarra D, Armin J, Pace T, Gniady C, Barraza Y. Use of a Guided Imagery Mobile App (See Me Serene) to Reduce COVID-19–Related Stress: Pilot Feasibility Study. JMIR Formative Research 2021;5(10):e32353 View
  19. Huberty J, Bhuiyan N, Neher T, Joeman L, Mesa R, Larkey L. Leveraging a Consumer-Based Product to Develop a Cancer-Specific Mobile Meditation App: Prototype Development Study. JMIR Formative Research 2022;6(1):e32458 View
  20. Gu H, Lee O. Effects of Non-Pharmacological Sleep Interventions in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2023;20(4):3101 View
  21. Johnson L, Aiello J, Jagtiani A, Moore K, Barber L, Gujral U, Johnson D. Feasibility, appropriateness, and acceptability of a mobile mindfulness meditation intervention to improve sleep quality among a racially/ethnically diverse population. Sleep Health 2023;9(2):196 View
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  24. Militello L, Sobolev M, Okeke F, Adler D, Nahum-Shani I. Digital Prompts to Increase Engagement With the Headspace App and for Stress Regulation Among Parents: Feasibility Study. JMIR Formative Research 2022;6(3):e30606 View
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  26. Zhaunova L, Bamford R, Radovic T, Wickham A, Peven K, Croft J, Klepchukova A, Ponzo S. Characterization of Self-reported Improvements in Knowledge and Health Among Users of Flo Period Tracking App: Cross-sectional Survey. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2023;11:e40427 View
  27. Stecher C, Cloonan S, Linnemayr S, Huberty J. Combining Behavioral Economics–Based Incentives With the Anchoring Strategy: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols 2023;12:e39930 View
  28. Lam S, Xie Q, Goldberg S. Situating Meditation Apps Within the Ecosystem of Meditation Practice: Population-Based Survey Study. JMIR Mental Health 2023;10:e43565 View
  29. Guo H, Xiao Y, Liao C, Sun J, Xie Y, Zheng Y, Fan G. U-shaped association between online information exchange and app usage frequency: a large-scale survey of China ‘s online young and middle-aged people with pre diabetes and diabetes. Frontiers in Endocrinology 2023;14 View
  30. Cloonan S, Fowers R, Huberty J, Stecher C. Meditation App Habits and Mental Health: A Longitudinal Study of Meditation App Users During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Mindfulness 2023;14(9):2276 View
  31. King J, Halversen A, Richards O, John K, Strong B. Anxiety and Physiological Responses to Virtual Reality and Audio Meditation in Racial and Ethnic Minorities. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science 2023 View
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Books/Policy Documents

  1. Jackson M, Meaklim H, Mason E. Digital Mental Health. View
  2. Korte L. Handbuch Digitale Gesundheitswirtschaft. View