Published on in Vol 8, No 7 (2020): July

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
A Physical Activity and Diet Program Delivered by Artificially Intelligent Virtual Health Coach: Proof-of-Concept Study

A Physical Activity and Diet Program Delivered by Artificially Intelligent Virtual Health Coach: Proof-of-Concept Study

A Physical Activity and Diet Program Delivered by Artificially Intelligent Virtual Health Coach: Proof-of-Concept Study


  1. Davis C, Murphy K, Curtis R, Maher C. A Process Evaluation Examining the Performance, Adherence, and Acceptability of a Physical Activity and Diet Artificial Intelligence Virtual Health Assistant. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2020;17(23):9137 View
  2. Zhang J, Oh Y, Lange P, Yu Z, Fukuoka Y. Artificial Intelligence Chatbot Behavior Change Model for Designing Artificial Intelligence Chatbots to Promote Physical Activity and a Healthy Diet: Viewpoint. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(9):e22845 View
  3. Ellis T, Earhart G, Mirelman A, Dorsey E, Brundin P, Bloem B. Digital Therapeutics in Parkinson’s Disease: Practical Applications and Future Potential. Journal of Parkinson's Disease 2021;11(s1):S95 View
  4. Oh Y, Zhang J, Fang M, Fukuoka Y. A systematic review of artificial intelligence chatbots for promoting physical activity, healthy diet, and weight loss. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021;18(1) View
  5. Schoeppe S, Waters K, Salmon J, Williams S, Power D, Alley S, Rebar A, Hayman M, Duncan M, Vandelanotte C. Experience and Satisfaction with a Family-Based Physical Activity Intervention Using Activity Trackers and Apps: A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2023;20(4):3327 View
  6. Stuber J, van Hoek B, Vos A, Smit E, Lakerveld J, Mackenbach J, Beulens J, Hoenink J, Rutters F, Waterlander W, de Ridder D, Gillebaart M, Blom S, de Boer F, de Bruijn G, Klein M, Broerse J, Schuitmaker-Warnaar T, Middel C, van der Schouw Y, Sluijs I, Harbers M, Velema E. Participant recruitment, baseline characteristics and at-home-measurements of cardiometabolic risk markers: insights from the Supreme Nudge parallel cluster-randomised controlled supermarket trial. Trials 2023;24(1) View
  7. Zorrilla A, Torres M. A Multilingual Neural Coaching Model with Enhanced Long-term Dialogue Structure. ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems 2022;12(2):1 View
  8. Štajer V, Milovanović I, Todorović N, Ranisavljev M, Pišot S, Drid P. Let's (Tik) Talk About Fitness Trends. Frontiers in Public Health 2022;10 View
  9. Benajiba N, Dodge E, Khaled M, Chavarria E, Sammartino C, Aboul-Enein B. Technology-based nutrition interventions using the Mediterranean diet: a systematic review. Nutrition Reviews 2022;80(6):1419 View
  10. To Q, Green C, Vandelanotte C. Feasibility, Usability, and Effectiveness of a Machine Learning–Based Physical Activity Chatbot: Quasi-Experimental Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2021;9(11):e28577 View
  11. Lyzwinski L, Elgendi M, Menon C. Conversational Agents and Avatars for Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Lifestyle-Related Behaviors: Scoping Review. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2023;11:e39649 View
  12. Murphy K, Dyer K, Hyde B, Davis C, Bracci E, Woodman R, Hodgson J. Long-Term Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet 1-Year after Completion of the MedLey Study. Nutrients 2022;14(15):3098 View
  13. Turner A, LaMonica H, Flood V. Behaviour Change Techniques Used in Mediterranean Diet Interventions for Older Adults: A Systematic Scoping Review. Nutrients 2023;15(5):1189 View
  14. Santhanam P, Nath T, Peng C, Bai H, Zhang H, Ahima R, Chellappa R. Artificial intelligence and body composition. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews 2023;17(3):102732 View
  15. Yan Z, Peacock J, Cohen J, Kurdziel L, Benes S, Oh S, Bowling A. An 8-Week Peer Health Coaching Intervention among College Students: A Pilot Randomized Study. Nutrients 2023;15(5):1284 View
  16. Luo T, Aguilera A, Lyles C, Figueroa C. Promoting Physical Activity Through Conversational Agents: Mixed Methods Systematic Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(9):e25486 View
  17. Wilson L, Marasoiu M. The Development and Use of Chatbots in Public Health: Scoping Review. JMIR Human Factors 2022;9(4):e35882 View
  18. May R, Denecke K. Security, privacy, and healthcare-related conversational agents: a scoping review. Informatics for Health and Social Care 2022;47(2):194 View
  19. Aggarwal A, Tam C, Wu D, Li X, Qiao S. Artificial Intelligence–Based Chatbots for Promoting Health Behavioral Changes: Systematic Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2023;25:e40789 View
  20. Martinengo L, Jabir A, Goh W, Lo N, Ho M, Kowatsch T, Atun R, Michie S, Tudor Car L. Conversational Agents in Health Care: Scoping Review of Their Behavior Change Techniques and Underpinning Theory. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2022;24(10):e39243 View
  21. Larbi D, Denecke K, Gabarron E. Usability Testing of a Social Media Chatbot for Increasing Physical Activity Behavior. Journal of Personalized Medicine 2022;12(5):828 View
  22. Curtis R, Bartel B, Ferguson T, Blake H, Northcott C, Virgara R, Maher C. Improving User Experience of Virtual Health Assistants: Scoping Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(12):e31737 View
  23. Montenegro J, da Costa C, Janssen L. Evaluating the use of chatbot during pregnancy: A usability study. Healthcare Analytics 2022;2:100072 View
  24. Schoeppe S, Duncan M, Plotnikoff R, Mummery W, Rebar A, Alley S, To Q, Short C, Vandelanotte C. Acceptability, usefulness, and satisfaction with a web-based video-tailored physical activity intervention: The TaylorActive randomized controlled trial. Journal of Sport and Health Science 2022;11(2):133 View
  25. Weber P, Mahmood F, Ahmadi M, von Jan V, Ludwig T, Wieching R. Fridolin: participatory design and evaluation of a nutrition chatbot for older adults. i-com 2023;22(1):33 View
  26. Noh E, Won J, Jo S, Hahm D, Lee H. Conversational Agents for Body Weight Management: Systematic Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2023;25:e42238 View
  27. Schuler T, King C, Matsveru T, Back M, Clark K, Chin D, Lilian R, Gallego B, Coiera E, Currow D. Wearable-Triggered Ecological Momentary Assessments Are Feasible in People With Advanced Cancer and Their Family Caregivers: Feasibility Study from an Outpatient Palliative Care Clinic at a Cancer Center. Journal of Palliative Medicine 2023;26(7):980 View
  28. An R, Shen J, Wang J, Yang Y. A scoping review of methodologies for applying artificial intelligence to physical activity interventions. Journal of Sport and Health Science 2024;13(3):428 View
  29. TODOROVIC N, RANISAVLJEV M, NAKIC J, KOROVLJEV D, STAJER V. Let's Chat (GPT) about the new age of fitness: are we ready for artificial intelligence?. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2023;63(9) View
  30. Sadasivan C, Cruz C, Dolgoy N, Hyde A, Campbell S, McNeely M, Stroulia E, Tandon P. Examining Patient Engagement in Chatbot Development Approaches for Healthy Lifestyle and Mental Wellness Interventions: Scoping Review. Journal of Participatory Medicine 2023;15:e45772 View
  31. Brinsley J, Singh B, Maher C. A Digital Lifestyle Program for Psychological Distress, Wellbeing and Return-to-Work: A Proof-of-Concept Study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2023;104(11):1903 View
  32. Singh B, Olds T, Brinsley J, Dumuid D, Virgara R, Matricciani L, Watson A, Szeto K, Eglitis E, Miatke A, Simpson C, Vandelanotte C, Maher C. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of chatbots on lifestyle behaviours. npj Digital Medicine 2023;6(1) View
  33. Vandelanotte C, Trost S, Hodgetts D, Imam T, Rashid M, To Q, Maher C. Increasing physical activity using an just-in-time adaptive digital assistant supported by machine learning: A novel approach for hyper-personalised mHealth interventions. Journal of Biomedical Informatics 2023;144:104435 View
  34. Denecke K, May R, Gabarron E, Lopez-Campos G. Assessing the Potential Risks of Digital Therapeutics (DTX): The DTX Risk Assessment Canvas. Journal of Personalized Medicine 2023;13(10):1523 View
  35. Beyeler M, Légeret C, Kiwitz F, van der Horst K. Usability and Overall Perception of a Health Bot for Nutrition-Related Questions for Patients Receiving Bariatric Care: Mixed Methods Study. JMIR Human Factors 2023;10:e47913 View
  36. Moore R, Al-Tamimi A, Freeman E. Investigating the Potential of a Conversational Agent (Phyllis) to Support Adolescent Health and Overcome Barriers to Physical Activity: Co-Design Study. JMIR Formative Research 2024;8:e51571 View
  37. Ding H, Simmich J, Vaezipour A, Andrews N, Russell T. Evaluation framework for conversational agents with artificial intelligence in health interventions: a systematic scoping review. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 2023 View
  38. Aiumtrakul N, Thongprayoon C, Arayangkool C, Vo K, Wannaphut C, Suppadungsuk S, Krisanapan P, Garcia Valencia O, Qureshi F, Miao J, Cheungpasitporn W. Personalized Medicine in Urolithiasis: AI Chatbot-Assisted Dietary Management of Oxalate for Kidney Stone Prevention. Journal of Personalized Medicine 2024;14(1):107 View
  39. Coutinho D, Travassos B, Santos S, Figueiredo P, Kelly A. Special Issue “Sports Science in Children”. Children 2024;11(2):202 View
  40. Martins A, Londral A, L. Nunes I, V. Lapão L. Unlocking human-like conversations: Scoping review of automation techniques for personalized healthcare interventions using conversational agents. International Journal of Medical Informatics 2024;185:105385 View
  41. Muse E, Topol E. Transforming the cardiometabolic disease landscape: Multimodal AI-powered approaches in prevention and management. Cell Metabolism 2024;36(4):670 View
  42. Desai V. The Future of Artificial Intelligence in Sports Medicine and Return to Play. Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology 2024;28(02):203 View
  43. Anisha S, Sen A, Bain C. Evaluating the Potential and Pitfalls of AI-Powered Conversational Agents as Human-like Virtual Health Carers in the Remote Management of Non-Communicable Diseases: A Scoping Review (Preprint). Journal of Medical Internet Research 2024 View
  44. Sumon R, Uddin S, Akter S, Mozumder M, Khan M, Kim H. Natural Language Processing Influence on Digital Socialization and Linguistic Interactions in the Integration of the Metaverse in Regular Social Life. Electronics 2024;13(7):1331 View
  45. Ramalho A, Paulo R, Duarte-Mendes P, Serrano J, Petrica J. Age Unplugged: A Brief Narrative Review on the Intersection of Digital Tools, Sedentary and Physical Activity Behaviors in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Healthcare 2024;12(9):935 View
  46. Gabarron E, Larbi D, Rivera-Romero O, Denecke K. Human Factors in AI-Driven Digital Solutions for Increasing Physical Activity: Scoping Review. JMIR Human Factors 2024;11:e55964 View
  47. Sosa-Holwerda A, Park O, Albracht-Schulte K, Niraula S, Thompson L, Oldewage-Theron W. The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Nutrition Research: A Scoping Review. Nutrients 2024;16(13):2066 View

Books/Policy Documents

  1. Knoefel F, Wallace B, Thomas N, Sveistrup H, Goubran R, Laurin C. Supportive Smart Homes. View