Published on in Vol 7 , No 4 (2019) :April

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at https://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/12825, first published .
Use of the Smartphone App WhatsApp as an E-Learning Method for Medical Residents: Multicenter Controlled Randomized Trial

Use of the Smartphone App WhatsApp as an E-Learning Method for Medical Residents: Multicenter Controlled Randomized Trial

Use of the Smartphone App WhatsApp as an E-Learning Method for Medical Residents: Multicenter Controlled Randomized Trial

Thomas Clavier 1 * , MD, MSc ;   Julie Ramen 2 * , MD ;   Bertrand Dureuil 2 , MD, PhD ;   Benoit Veber 2 , MD, PhD ;   Jean-Luc Hanouz 3 , MD, PhD ;   Hervé Dupont 4 , MD, PhD ;   Gilles Lebuffe 5 , MD, PhD ;   Emmanuel Besnier 1 , MD, MSc ;   Vincent Compere 2 , MD, PhD

1 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical care , Rouen University Hospital , Rouen , FR

2 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care , Rouen University Hospital , Rouen , FR

3 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care , Caen University Hospital , Normandie Université , Caen , FR

4 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care , Amiens University Hospital , Amiens , FR

5 Pôle d’Anesthésie-Réanimation , Lille University Hospital , Lille , FR

*these authors contributed equally

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